Vazhov V.M. 1
Odintsev A.V. 1
Kozil V.N. 1
1 FGBOU VPO Altai State Academy of Education named after V.M. Shukshin
Dynamics of arable land in the Altai region in 2007-2012 and the share of the crops of buckwheat it does not have a clear correspondence between, for example, in different years buckwheat sown in the region of 4 to 8% of arable land, resulting in deviations acreage buckwheat together amounted to 42% and arable land - only 3%. Dynamics of arable land is stable, but the crops of buckwheat change every year, making it difficult to plan their production in the future. Currently, the area of arable land in the region, compared with the 90s years, decreased by 584 thousand hectares, and the crops of buckwheat, on the contrary, increased to 494 thousand hectares. However, growth in the acreage of buckwheat is not always accompanied by an increase in gross grain. Change buckwheat yield in the region was a contrast from 5.9 quintals/hectare in 2012 to 9.6 quintals/hectare in 2009 Farming is the leading factor to increase production of buckwheat grain in Altai. Special role is key zonal elements: sowing dates and methods of pollination, which share in the formation of the crop in some years up to 65%.